Hope Cristol
Medical Writer

About Hope Cristol

Hope Cristol is an experienced freelance medical writer based in Atlanta. 

Articles Written by Hope Cristol

Upper Back Pain Causes, Risk Factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

The SpineUniverse Universal Guide to Upper Back Pain: Everything you ever wanted to know about upper back pain, straight from the experts.

Bone Grafts in Spinal Fusions: What Really Matters

The search for the perfect spinal fusion bone graft material goes on, but the good news is you can achieve positive patient outcomes with any of the common choices. Hear what experts at NASS 2020 had to say.

8 Surprising Ways Belly Fat Can Cause Back Pain

Belly fat is a multi-pronged threat to your back and spine health. Here are 7 reasons why.

Why You Shouldn’t Quit Physical Therapy for Back Pain

Physical therapy is one of the most effective treatments for back pain. Give it a chance to work.

Should You Recommend Platelet-Rich Plasma for Discogenic Pain?

The potential for PRP to treat various musculoskeletal pathologies is becoming more clear, but is it right for spine conditions? Our expert weighs in.

Platelet-Rich Plasma for Back Pain: Help or Hype?

If platelet-rich plasma, or PRP, is good enough for pro athletes, it should be good enough for your back pain, right? Truth is, it’s more complicated than that. Read what our experts think.

5 Mental Strategies to Improve Your Back Pain

Your back pain can be both very real and in your head at the same time. Here are five ways to approach the mental aspect of your back pain to get real-world results.

Reduce Your Risk of COVID-19 During Spine Surgery

Read the latest guidelines from medical societies, and learn how one institution has put safety protocols into practice.

6 of the Easiest Exercises on Your Back

When you have lower back pain, you might want to retreat to bed, but that’s one of the worst things you can do. Instead, try these gentle forms of exercise.

The Straight Dope on CBD Oil

CBD oil is not medical marijuana and it cannot get you high. It may, however, give many people some relief from back pain. Find out what the research shows and how to ensure you get a quality product.

NASS 2020: Research Highlights from Three Top Studies

Pedicle screws, total disc replacement and more: Here are three of the top abstracts presented at the North American Spine Society conference 2020.

Surgical Planning Techniques for Better Outcomes

Advances in surgical planning techniques could improve outcomes in spine operations. Ehsan Jazini, MD, a spine surgeon at Virginia Spine Institute, shares several smart presurgical strategies.

What to Do About Back Pain When You Can’t See Your Doctor

Stay-at-home orders often mean you can’t see your ortho or neurosurgeon for back pain, but you still have options. From PT to telemedicine, here’s what to do instead.

The Scoop on 5 Popular Back Pain Products

Plenty of products claim to provide fast back pain relief. Here’s what experts say about which claims hold up.

Ketamine and Other Promising Alternatives to Opioids

Ketamine and other NMDA antagonists can play an important role in pain management and as an alternative to opioids, says our expert.

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